BUILDING A POND:

 

Building a pond can be a satisfying and enjoyable job. A little forward planning and research will ensure trouble-free installation. Before digging, consider the following:

• Where will the pond be located?
• What type of design do I want?
• What will the overall size, shape and depth be?
• How much am I prepared to spend?

POND LOCATION

• Select a site near the outdoor hydro outlet – you need easy access to electricity for a pump, lighting, UV clarifier, etc.
• Select a site that receives at least five hours of full sun – flowering pond plants require direct sunlight to bloom and grow to their full potential.
• Select a sheltered site – wind may play havoc with fountains and waterfalls.
• Select a level site – the run-off from both seasonal rain and spring thaw could wash into the pond and create water quality issues.
• Avoid heavily treed areas – tree roots and leaf litter will cause water quality issues. Too much shade will reduce blooming of aquatic plants.

POND DESIGN

There are many design options for a pond. A formal pond is a mix of art, nature, and innovation; an informal pond is natural and blends into the existing garden.

Rubber liner offers flexibility regarding shape, size and depth. Pre-formed ponds are limited by depth and size.

The type of pond you build will be determined by the amount of available space you have.

SIZE, SHAPE AND DEPTH

The size, shape and depth of the pond will be determined by its location. Make a sketch of the desired location; pencil in the pond dimensions, landscaping, surrounding garden, and features such as a waterfall or stream.

A pond should have as much surface area and depth as possible. As a guide, an average-sized pond is about 8ft x 7ft; average depth of 2.5ft; maximum depth of 3ft; with a volume of about 1,000 US gallons.

THE COST

The cost of installing a pond will vary depending upon its size, depth, the hardware, and whether you do the work yourself or hire a landscaper. Before undertaking a large or complex project, consult a landscaper or water garden expert. A trained professional will help with your design and give you a price estimate. Take the time to get estimates, compare prices, and work within a budget.

Tip: To build an average-sized pond (8ft x 7ft x 3ft) you could expect the cost of materials (rubber liner, underlay, UV filter, pump) to be about $1,000. This estimate would not include installation cost, other hardware, fittings, hose, fish, plants or stone.

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